January 2011

Photographer: George M. Kelley

Photo: Hudson's Bay Company birchbark freight canoe, 1896

HBC freight canoe at Bear Island, 1896

This big, birchbark, Hudson's Bay Company canoe was probably used to carry supplies and fur between Temagami Post and Fort Timiskaming on Lake Timiskaming.

The two men in the bow are patriarchs of well-known Teme-Augama Anishnabai families: Turner and Moore. With the dog is John Turner, then post factor, and Charlie Moore.

Behind Turner, left to right: Richard S. Cassels, W. Rein Wadsworth, W. "Billy" Ridout Wadsworth, Joe Turner (factor's son), unknown.

The three left-most men are Torontonians on one of several canoe trips to Temagami between 1892 and 1901. Cassels was a co-founder of the law firm that became the core of today's Cassels Brock.

Missing from the photo is photographer George M. Kelley, grandfather of islander Rob Wilson, and one of the canoeists.

Photo credit: R.S. Cassels collection at the National Archives of Canada.


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